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Study on some medicinal plants used by the tribals of Khammam district, Telangana state, India
Kavitha Burgula1 and Estari Mamidala2*
1-2 Department of Zoology, Kakatiya University, Warangal-506 009, Telangana State, India
Background: Use of herbal medicines in Asia represents a long history of human interactions with the environment. Plants used for traditional medicine contain a wide range of substances that can be used to treat chronic as well as infectious diseases. This study was carried out in the different Mandals of Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh to document the traditional knowledge of local peoples on medicinal plants; and to investigate the distribution, abundance, taxonomic diversity and biological activity of medicinal plants.
Methodology: Field trips were conducted and ethnomedicinal data were collected through conversation with traditional healersí, tribal doctors and elder people in the field trips.
During the interviews local names, useful plant parts, method of preparation and dosage were recorded. The voucher specimens were directly dried in the field using a conventional plant press. Herbarium Voucher specimens are deposited and plant species are enumerated by family followed by their tribal names and uses.
Results: In the present account, 44 species of angiosperms belonging to 27 families are reported. They are used as ethnomedicines for various severe diseases like jaundice, cancer, etc. by employing the preparations in the form of extracts, pastes, juices and powders. The data collected from the tribal people of Khammam district pertaining to the treatment of various ailments by Plant parts used for medicinal preparation were bark, roots, leaves, fruits, flowers, Stem, seeds and the whole plants. The most frequently utilized plant parts percentage were leaves (42.5%), followed by the roots (11.5%), seeds (4%), Stem bark (8%) fruits (8.5%), Stem (3.5%) flowers (8%), in the form of decoctions, extracts, paste, juices and powders.
Conclusion: The present investigation revealed that medicinal plants still play a vital role in the primary health care of the people and this study also generated a broad spectrum of information concerning medicinal plants used by tribalís
Keywords: Khammam, Telangana, Medicinal Plants, tribals
Published online 29th June, 2015
© 2015 Published by Global Science Publishing Group, USA
Cite this Article as
Kavitha Burgula and Estari Mamidala (2015). Study on some medicinal plants used by the tribals of Khammam district, Telangana state, India. The Ame J Sci & Med Res, 1(1):129-135. doi:10.17812/ajsmr20151122
The Ame J Scie & Med Res, Volume 1, Issue 1